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Coronavirus Live Updates: two major Covid-19 studies are withdrawn


The News or Article published here is property of the given Source and they have all the ownership rights Source link https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/04/world/coronavirus-us-update.html

Two major Covid-19 studies are withdrawn after the scientists sounded the alarm.

Two studies on Covid-19 were withdrawn Thursday by the scientific journals in which they had appeared.

The studies, published in The Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine in May, had produced surprising results and changed the course of research on the pandemic.

The Lancet newspaper reported dismal results on the use of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine to treat Covid-19 patients. This has led to the suspension of certain clinical trials of drugs, notably by the World Health Organization. (Some have since resumed.)

President Trump has repeatedly promoted hydroxychloroquine despite the lack of evidence of its effectiveness against the virus. Its approval had the effect of politicizing the scientific questions that would normally have been left to passionate researchers.

Public health experts have criticized the Trump administration for failing to address the disproportionate effects of the virus on communities of color. The interrogation took place as large protests continued across the United States against the murder of George Floyd, a black man who died last week in police custody after a white officer knelt on his neck for nearly nine minutes.

Here’s what happened in the United States on Thursday:

  • Sonia Sotomayor Supreme Court Justice temporarily suspended trial judge orders requiring the Trump administration to transfer more than 800 elderly or medically vulnerable detainees to an Ohio prison where nine prisoners died of the virus. Friday, a court of appeal must hear the arguments in this case.

  • New York Mayor Bill de Blasio said the city could begin a second phase of reopening “as early as July”, during which offices, stores and personal service businesses like hair salons may reopen with restrictions.

  • The head of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dr. Robert Redfield, told parliamentarians that the federal government and state health departments must dramatically increase the number of tracers working to identify who people are infected with. the coronavirus had come into contact with. He said up to 100,000 would be needed by September.

  • A US Federal Court of Appeal has sided with Texas Republicans in their legal battle to restrict postal voting during the pandemic, reversing a lower court decision that would have allowed fearful voters to contract the virus to vote by mail rather than in person.

Patients who flooded the Detroit Medical Center emergency room in March and April had symptoms indicative of coronavirus: high fevers and lungs riddled with infection that left them breathless.

With few treatment options, doctors have turned to a familiar intervention: broad-spectrum antibiotics, injectable drugs often used against bacterial infections that cannot be immediately identified. They knew that antibiotics were not effective against viruses, but they feared that patients were vulnerable to life-threatening secondary bacterial infections.

“During the peak wave, our use of antibiotics was wrong,” said Dr. Teena Chopra, director of epidemiology and antibiotic management at the hospital. She and other doctors across the United States who generously dispensed antibiotics during the first weeks of the pandemic said they quickly realized their mistake.

Now the country’s doctors are trying to draw lessons from their overuse of antibiotics, a practice that can boost resistance to life-saving drugs because bacteria mutate and thwart drugs. Antimicrobial resistance is a growing threat that kills 700,000 people every year – a global health crisis that goes on behind the scenes while the coronavirus takes center stage.

In recent weeks, public health experts have been Warning that the same government inaction that helped promote the rapid spread of the coronavirus could trigger an even more deadly epidemic of drug-resistant infections. The UN warns that such an epidemic could kill 10 million people by 2050 if no serious action is taken.

The pipeline of new antimicrobial drugs has become dangerously dry. In the past year, three developers of American antibiotics with promising drugs have ceased operations and most of the global pharmaceutical giants have abandoned the field.

Congressional legislation to tackle the failed antibiotic market has failed to gain ground in recent years, but public health experts hope the coronavirus pandemic can help break the political deadlock in Washington.

Grace Cogan, who is deaf and lives in Jamesville, New York, experiences feelings of anxiety while shopping because masks prevent her from communicating effectively, leaving her to trust the eyes and tilting the eyebrows to understand others. So her boyfriend now does most of the shopping.

“This pandemic has really further divided the inclusion of the hearing and hearing impaired community, or in other words, further isolated us,” she said.

Sign language interpreters are among a growing group of essential workers, often called upon to stand alongside public servants who communicate vital information on television and the Internet. But they are not everywhere.

Roberta J. Cordano, President of Gallaudet University, a liberal arts university for the deaf in Washington, said: “The standard” two adults, six feet apart “has its own inherent bias, assuming that all these social distances are the same: that they hear, see and need no support. ”

Ashlea Hayes, deaf and blind and working as secretary to National Defenders of the Black Deaflives in Compton, California, where she does most of her shopping herself. But lately, she has become more dependent on delivery services and, unable to visit and touch her friends and colleagues, has said that her anxiety has increased.

“The feeling of panic everywhere is overwhelming.” Said Mrs. Hayes.

British pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca said Thursday it had reached an agreement with a vaccine manufacturing giant, the Serum Institute of India, to produce one billion doses of a potential antivirus vaccine for distribution in low- and middle-income countries.

The potential vaccine, designed in an Oxford laboratory, is one of many candidates currently in the clinical trial and has not been proven to work. But governments and non-profit foundations risk hundreds of millions of dollars to organize the production of large volumes of several potential vaccines, including AstraZeneca, so that all of those approved can be quickly distributed.

If its vaccine proves effective, AstraZeneca would now have the capacity to manufacture up to two billion doses by next year, the company said. If ongoing trials are successful, the vaccine could be approved for emergency use in the United States and elsewhere as early as this fall.

AstraZeneca said two nonprofits have agreed to pay $ 750 million for the manufacture and purchase of 300 million doses by the end of this year. These are the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovation, a relatively recent public-private partnership based in Norway, and the former Gavi vaccine alliance based in Geneva. Both receive funding from several Western governments as well as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

The U.S. government has agreed to pay for the production of 300 million doses, and Britain has agreed to pay up to 100 million doses.

AstraZeneca CEO Pascal Soriot said during a video conference that during the pandemic, the company would distribute the “not-for-profit” vaccine and allow governments and donors to check its finances to make sure it did not benefit from the vaccine.

“We don’t usually do this,” he added. “It’s a very unique process.”

New York Mayor Bill de Blasio said Thursday the city could begin a second phase of reopening “as early as July”, during which offices, stores and personal service businesses such as salons hairstyle could reopen with restrictions, and restaurants could offer outdoor dining.

The city has not yet started to reopen, but the mayor reiterated that the city was on track to start the first phase on Monday. According to state guidelines, phase 1 regions that continue to meet health-related benchmarks can enter phase 2 after two weeks.

After seven days of overcrowded and above all peaceful protests against racism and police violence in New York, the governor declared that state test criteria were expanded to include anyone who participated in the protests and encouraged people to get tested. The city announced universal tests earlier this week.

Governor Andrew M. Cuomo also said that protesters should inform others that they attended a demonstration and behave as if they had been exposed. Statewide, there have been 52 additional virus-related deaths, he said. Nine counties ringing in the city are slated to enter phase 2 next week, he said, and the state is authorizing drive-in and drive-through degrees.

As more and more Americans return to their offices and stores after months spent indoors, new clusters of coronaviruses continue to emerge. Here is an overview of the rest of the country.

  • In Las Vegas several casinos reopened on Thursday, with the Bellagio reactivate its fountain and many welcoming players return with social distancing and temperature control measures in place.

  • In northeast of Mississippi, a recent funeral has spread the virus to at least nine people, some of whom came from other states. In Arkansas, at least 35 people in a boot factory fell ill. And in Kansas City, Mo., health officials announced this week a cluster of more than 200 employees at a facility that makes paper plates and cups.

  • Most of the larger case groups remain nursing homes, prisons and food processing facilities, all the places where social distancing is difficult. But as the country reopens, and the capacity for testing and searching for contacts develops, epidemics appear in new contexts.

  • At least 26 workers on a construction site Augusta, Maine, tested positive, with at least 24 people in a Walmart distribution center in Colorado and at least 16 in a convenience store Kansas.

  • In New Jersey, breweries and wineries can resume offering outdoor tastings on June 15, when restaurants and bars had already been allowed to reopen for outdoor dining, the governor said.

The N.B.A. the owners approve a plan to relaunch the season in July, a key step.

N.B.A. The owners overwhelmingly approved the league’s plan to restart the season with 22 teams at Walt Disney World in Florida in July, according to a person familiar with the results of the vote.

The single site proposal was ratified by a vote of 29 votes to one, with the Portland Trail Blazers as the only opposition, according to the person, who was not allowed to publicly discuss the results. According to the rules of the league, 23 votes for the 30 teams were necessary to pass the measure proposed by the N.B.A. the commissioner, Adam Silver.

The N.B.A. would be among the largest and most watched North American sports leagues to return, following the announcement of the resumption of the National Hockey League, Major Soccer League and National Women’s Soccer League this summer. Voting results first reported by The Athletic.

The NBA return-to-play plan, approved on what would have been the first day of this season’s finals, will then be reviewed by the National Basketball Players Association, which has scheduled a virtual meeting with its members on Friday afternoon, according to three people familiar with the calendar who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss it publicly.

It was not immediately clear whether players would be invited to officially vote on the proposal, but the league hopes that the close working relationship that union president Chris Paul of Oklahoma City has with Silver is indicative of the possible approval of the players.

The reports were provided by Rachel Abrams, Manuela Andreoni, Aurelien Breeden, Brian X. Chen, Michael Cooper, Maria Cramer, Melissa Eddy, Jack Ewing, Farnaz Fassihi, Jacey Fortin, Ellen Gabler, Rick Gladstone, David M. Halbfinger, Jack Healy, Tiffany Hsu, Mike Ives, Andrew Jacobs, Joshua Keller, Michael H. Keller, Tyler Kepner, David D. Kirkpatrick, Alyson Kreuger, José María León Cabrera, Adam Liptak, Anatol Magdziarz, Iliana Magra, Apoorva Mandavilli, Raphael Minder, Andy Newman, Elisabetta Povoledo, Roni Caryn Rabin, Jan Ransom, Adam Rasgon, Nada Rashwan, Luis Ferré Sadurní, Dagny Salas, Nelson D. Schwartz, Kaly Soto, Marc Stein, Eileen Sullivan, Mitra Taj, Derrick Bryson Taylor, Safak Timur, Declan Walsh, Noah Weiland and Karen Zraick.

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Muhammad Younus

Salam, I am Muhammad Younus Owner of Usama Younus Inc. I am Retired from the Pak Army and love to write about politics and current affairs I am also passionate about religious affairs.

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